Personal Info

Known For Directing

Known Credits 318

Gender Male

Birthday 1915-05-06

Day of Death 1985-10-10

Place of Birth Kenosha, Wisconsin, USA

Also Known As

  • Орсон Уэллс
  • Джордж Орсон Уэллс
  • George Orson Welles

Biography

George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985), best known as Orson Welles, was an American film director, actor, theatre director, screenwriter, and producer, who worked extensively in film, theatre, television and radio. Noted for his innovative dramatic productions as well as his distinctive voice and personality, Welles is widely acknowledged as one of the most accomplished dramatic artists of the twentieth century, especially for his significant and influential early work—despite his notoriously contentious relationship with Hollywood. His distinctive directorial style featured layered, nonlinear narrative forms, innovative uses of lighting such as chiaroscuro, unique camera angles, sound techniques borrowed from radio, deep focus shots, and long takes. Welles's long career in film is noted for his struggle for artistic control in the face of pressure from studios. Many of his films were heavily edited and others left unreleased. He has been praised as a major creative force and as "the ultimate auteur."

After directing a number of high-profile theatrical productions in his early twenties, including an innovative adaptation of Macbeth and The Cradle Will Rock, Welles found national and international fame as the director and narrator of a 1938 radio adaptation of H. G. Wells's novel The War of the Worlds performed for the radio drama anthology series Mercury Theatre on the Air. It was reported to have caused widespread panic when listeners thought that an invasion by extraterrestrial beings was occurring. Although these reports of panic were mostly false and overstated,[2] they rocketed Welles to instant notoriety.

Citizen Kane (1941), his first film with RKO, in which he starred in the role of Charles Foster Kane, is often considered the greatest film ever made. Several of his other films, including The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), The Lady from Shanghai (1947), Touch of Evil (1958), Chimes at Midnight (1965), and F for Fake (1974), are also widely considered to be masterpieces.

In 2002, he was voted the greatest film director of all time in two separate British Film Institute polls among directors and critics, and a wide survey of critical consensus, best-of lists, and historical retrospectives calls him the most acclaimed director of all time. Well known for his baritone voice, Welles was also an extremely well regarded actor and was voted number 16 in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Stars list of the greatest American film actors of all time. He was also a celebrated Shakespearean stage actor and an accomplished magician, starring in troop variety shows in the war years.

Acting (276)

  • 1956 Moby Dick
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1955 Three Cases of Murder
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1949 Black Magic
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1949 The Third Man
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1946 The Stranger
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1941 Citizen Kane
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1982 Butterfly
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1981 The Man Who Saw Tomorrow
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1979 The Double McGuffin
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1977 Hot Tomorrows
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1972 Necromancy
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1972 Treasure Island
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1972 Get to Know Your Rabbit
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1971 A Safe Place
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1970 Start the Revolution Without Me
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1969 Twelve Plus One
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1969 The Southern Star
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1960 David and Goliath
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

Writing (67)

  • 1949 The Third Man
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1946 The Stranger
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1941 Citizen Kane
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1972 Treasure Island
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

Directing (64)

  • 1955 Three Cases of Murder
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1949 Black Magic
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1946 The Stranger
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1941 Citizen Kane
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1969 The Southern Star
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

  • 1960 David and Goliath
    0.0

    An adaptation of Robert Harris' thriller set on the eve of World War 2.

Production (28)